‘Not only is the city an object which is perceived (and perhaps enjoyed) by millions of people of widely diverse class and character, but it is the product of many builders who are consonantly modifying the structure for reasons of their own… No wonder, then, that the art of shaping cities is an art quite separate from architecture or music or literature.’
Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City, 1960
(I am currently working on a panel for a walkable cities exhibition so I am looking for inspiration in some of my favorite books on urbanism)
Ever since Ebenezer Howard first published his book ‘Tomorrow: a peaceful path to real reform’ in 1898, Garden Cities have been a highly influential but also extremely controversial concept. During the 20th century, the idea had a profound effect on urban planning not only because it was used as a framework for the building of many new settlements and suburbs, but also because it was recognised as a milestone in planning theory and inspired a number of urban design movements. Nevertheless, the Garden City also suffered heavy criticism for being a destructive, impractical and utopian planning model. Continue reading “Are Garden Cities the solution to UK’s housing crisis?”
Here is an interesting Halloween-themed article on urban planning:
CURBED reports that cities such as New York and Pittsburgh spend millions on campaigns aiming to decrease traffic fatalities by making people ‘afraid of the dark‘ instead of investing in better road infrastructure, better street lighting or targeting dangerous drivers. Is it more effective to advise people to stay safe through posters and flyers than to actually make them safe? What is your opinion?
I am afraid of the dark, but only because it is Halloween tonight. Have a spooky one!
On 20 August, Plovdiv – Bulgaria’s second largest city – was illuminated by a large fire. Hundreds of citizens watched how four beautiful secession-style buildings, part of the popular Tobacco town ensemble, burned for hours, destroying not only significant listed architecture, but also erasing a piece of the city’s identity and collective cultural heritage.
‘Fool me once, shame on you, fool me twice, shame on me’, people say. Indeed, this wasn’t the first time a listed building is quickly destroyed in front of everyone in the city. The only unusual thing about this case were its proportions and the choice of fire instead of bulldozers.
Slow destruction is something common in Bulgaria – protected buildings in prime locations are often left to deteriorate by their owners, until they become dangerous and can legally be demolished and replaced by concrete and glass. However, owners and investors have been more impatient lately and have tested the gaps in local regulations and the powerlessness of institutions. The lack of any legal action has encouraged more of them to damage prominent monuments and structures. When another building in the Tobacco town was demolished earlier this year, local people gathered in front of the bulldozers to save whatever was left. They protested, spoke to the mayor and were promised not only the reconstruction of the building, but also the active protection of other listed architecture through revised legislation.
Such cases are common not only in Bulgaria, but in many parts of Eastern Europe and beyond. It is a troubling situation when cultural heritage is not effectively protected by the institutions and is left in the hands of greedy investors and active citizens. It gets even more dangerous when a large fire in the middle of a city is not enough to light up the spirit of the locals and trigger enough political pressure for change. After the fire on 20 August, there were protests and talks once again. This time they were much smaller in size and charge.
Plovdiv will be European Capital of Culture in 2019. The title was awarded to the city for a number of initiatives including a pledge to revive the old Tobacco town. Today, Plovdiv’s citizens only hope that the Tobacco town survives until 2019. They hope for restored but largely unauthentic versions of a proud industrial past that will serve new functions and become a thriving part of the city once again.
I recently followed Ramin Nasibov on Instagram and his profile quickly became my new favourite architecture photo feed. It is beautifully vibrant and brings a lot of colour to my day. You can check out his profile here.
Ramin Nasibov currently has over 200k followers and has been featured in a Guardian article. He finds and highlights pockets of colour in our grey cities, thus providing a refreshingly vibrant outlook on everyday architecture.
The pictures are simple, symmetrical and colourful. There are rarely perspective shots, with most photographs showing elevation views of buildings or building elements. Colours are enhanced (I think) and lines are straightened, but these are common practices. Looking for inspiration for my own Instagram feed, I tried to understand what made Nasibov’s pictures stand out. I realised the sky on all of them was in a consistent shade of blue without any gradient that in combination with the other bright colours made the images look less realistic and somewhat abstract. Of course, what makes the pictures truly stand out is talent and vision.